Monthly Archives: April 2011

History of the Rosary

HISTORY OF THE ROSARY Fr. William Saunders
Please explain the history and background of the rosary. Is it true that the Blessed Mother gave it to St. Dominic?
The rosary is one of the most cherished prayers of our Catholic Church. Introduced by the Creed, the Our Father, three Hail Marys and the Doxology (“Glory Be”), and concluded with the Salve Regina, the rosary involves the recitation of five decades consisting of the Our Father, 10 Hail Marys and the Doxology. During this recitation, the individual meditates on the saving mysteries of our Lord’s life and the faithful witness of our Blessed Mother.
Journeying through the Joyful, Sorrowful and Glorious mysteries of the rosary, the individual brings to mind our Lord’s incarnation, His passion and death and His resurrection from the dead. In so doing, the rosary assists us in growing in a deeper appreciation of these mysteries, in uniting our life more closely to our Lord and in imploring His graced assistance to live the faith. We also ask for the prayers of our Blessed Mother, who leads all believers to her Son.
The origins of the rosary are “sketchy” at best. The use of “prayer beads” and the repeated recitation of prayers to aid in meditation stem from the earliest days of the Church and has roots in pre-Christian times. Evidence exists from the Middle Ages that strings of beads were used to count Our Fathers and Hail Marys. Actually, these strings of beads became known as “Paternosters,” the Latin for “Our Father.”
The structure of the rosary gradually evolved between the 12th and 15th centuries. Eventually 50 Hail Marys were recited and linked with verses of psalms or other phrases evoking the lives of Jesus and Mary. During this time, this prayer form became known as the rosarium (“rose garden”), actually a common term to designate a collection of similar material, such as an anthology of stories on the same subject or theme. During the 16th century, the structure of the five-decade rosary based on the three sets of mysteries prevailed.
Tradition does hold that St. Dominic (d. 1221) devised the rosary as we know it. Moved by a vision of our Blessed Mother, he preached the use of the rosary in his missionary work among the Albigensians, who had denied the mystery of Christ. Some scholars take exception to St. Dominic’s role in forming the rosary. The earliest accounts of his life do not mention it, the Dominican constitutions do not link him with it and contemporaneous portraits do not include it as a symbol to identify the saint.
In 1922, Dom Louis Cougaud stated, “The various elements which enter into the composition of that Catholic devotion commonly called the rosary are the product of a long and gradual development which began before St. Dominic’s time, which continued without his having any share in it, and which only attained its final shape several centuries after his death.” However, other scholars would rebut that St. Dominic not so much “invented” the rosary as he preached its use to convert sinners and those who had strayed from the faith. Moreover, at least a dozen popes have mentioned St. Dominic’s connection with the rosary, sanctioning his role as at least a “pious belief.”
The rosary gained greater popularity in the 1500s, when Moslem Turks were ravaging Eastern Europe. Recall that in 1453, Constantinople had fallen to the Moslems, leaving the Balkans and Hungary open to conquest. With Moslems raiding even the coast of Italy, the control of the Mediterranean was now at stake.
In 1571, Pope Pius V organized a fleet under the command of Don Juan of Austria the half-brother of King Philip II of Spain. While preparations were underway, the Holy Father asked all of the faithful to say the rosary and implore our Blessed Mother’s prayers, under the title Our Lady of Victory, that our Lord would grant victory to the Christians. Although the Moslem fleet outnumbered that of the Christians in both vessels and sailors, the forces were ready to meet in battle. The Christian flagship flew a blue banner depicting Christ crucified. On October 7, 1571, the Moslems were defeated at the Battle of Lepanto. The following year, Pope St. Pius V established the Feast of the Holy Rosary on October 7, where the faithful would not only remember this victory, but also give thanks to the Lord for all of His benefits and remember the powerful intercession of our Blessed Mother.
The fact that our Church continues to include the Feast of the Holy Rosary on the liturgical calendar testifies to the importance and goodness of this form of prayer. Archbishop Fulton Sheen said, “The rosary is the book of the blind, where souls see and there enact the greatest drama of love the world has ever known; it is the book of the simple, which initiates them into mysteries and knowledge more satisfying than the education of other men; it is the book of the aged, whose eyes close upon the shadow of this world, and open on the substance of the next. The power of the rosary is beyond description.”
Fr. Saunders is president of the Notre Dame Institute and associate pastor of Queen of Apostles Parish, both in Alexandria.

This article appeared in the October 6, 1994 issue of “The Arlington Catholic Herald.” Courtesy of the “Arlington Catholic Herald” diocesan newspaper of the Arlington (VA) diocese. For subscription information, call 1-800-377-0511 or write 200 North Glebe Road, Suite 607 Arlington, VA 22203.

Many of the popes and saints regularly prayed the rosary. Padre Pio prayed several rosaries per day and his last words were, “Love the Blessed Virgin and make Her loved. Always say the Rosary!” Pope John Paul II is one “saint” who was very devoted to the rosary. He wrote an apostolic letter on it called The Rosary of the Virgin Mary in which he called the rosary a “path to contemplation”. I’d highly recommend that you read it here.


A Simple Rule of Life

A Simple Rule of Life

The following is put together from some suggestions by Fr. Christopher La Rocca, OCD, Rector of the Carmelite House of Studies, Mt. Angel, OR.

Besides participating in the sacrifice of the Mass on Sundays and Holydays (and possibly daily Mass if you can make it) here is a suggestion on a simple way to order your day to include prayer:

1. Begin your day with a “Morning Offering” to offer the day to God (linked to

2. Live in the presence of God during the day by calling to mind that God is always with you. (For further information online read The Practice of the Presence of God, by Brother Lawrence of the Resurrection.)

3. Meditate on the Word of God in the Bible. One idea is to choose a Scripture quote to meditate on during the day, for example, something that stands out to you from the Readings for Daily Mass listed on the US Catholic bishops website at

4. Pray before meals in your own words or use a traditional prayer such as at the website.

5. End the day with prayer and a General Examination of Consciencesuch as from the EWTN website by Fr. John Hardon, S.J..

Finding a “traditional” third order of Carmel

Recent apologetics answers by Michelle ArnoldCatholic Answers
I think the question that should take precedence in your discernment process is whether or not you want to actually be a Carmelite. Many people are attracted to Carmelite spirituality, love Carmelite saints, and appreciate the contributions of the Carmelites to the Church, but they are not necessarily suited to be Carmelites (i.e., members of the order according to their state in life). This may sound like a paradox but being a lay member of a religious order such as the Carmelites is not like joining a club but is instead agreeing to take on a way of life; taking on that way of life does not mean doing so on one’s own but by aspiring to be a member of an approved Carmelite community.
In the Carmelites, those laypeople who are members of a Carmelite order make a promise before their Carmelite community and a delegate of the Carmelite order to live the evangelical counsels of poverty, chastity, and obedience, in a manner appropriate to their lay state. If, for example, a person cannot in conscience promise to strive for the obedience appropriate to a lay member of a religious order, then he should not seek membership. While anyone can wear the small brown scapular that is a popular sacramental of the Church, the larger brown scapular you refer to is a sign of membership in the Carmelite order and non-members should not presume to wear it.
I say all this as prelude to your concern about finding a “traditional” third order of Carmel. To be a Carmelite, it is necessary for an aspirant to be willing to be taught and formed by fellow members of the order entrusted with that task. If a person is unteachable, according to the norms and charism of the religious order he aspires to, that is a sign that he is not called to that order. In other words, it is more important for a prospective Carmelite to be willing to be formed by the order as it exists than to find a particular group of Carmelites he likes.
That said, in my own local secular Carmelite community, I know of at least three members who regularly attend Mass at the parish in our diocese that exclusively offers the Tridentine Mass and the sacraments according to the traditional Roman rubrics. It is possible to be both a lay member of the Carmelites and a traditional Catholic.
“If anyone comes to me, I want to lead them to Him.” –St. Edith Stein

White Friars Hall

To all my Brothers of White Friars Hall, Washington D.C., a  community of Carmelites from USA, Canada, Trinidad and Tobago, Vietnam, Guatemala, El Salvador, Peru, Indonisia, the Phillippines and India in appreciation for their friendship and hospitality. Holy Week 2011

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“Father, forgive them, for they don’t know what they are doing.” (Luke 23:34)

*Photo from Franciscan Monastery of the Holy Land, Washington D.C.